Th. Brauner, the younger brother of the romanian surrealist painter Victor Brauner and member of the dadaist group Alge, explains how solarfixes are made: “First a very personal preparation of negatives over sheets of paper of different transparencies, then interference through the intermediary materials causing mutations among them.”
“Solarfixes” are abstract photographs of painterly beauty made without camera or darkroom, with color added through unknown chemical recipes and processes. Brauner worked toward his radical method gradually.
Temporalis 6/7, Chemically-enhanced vintage gelatin silver print, 19.4 x 23.8 cm, c. 1950.
After he joins in 1931 the surrealist group Alge in Bucharest, the younger brother of surrealist painter Victor Brauner, Théodore Brauner is starting to make Solarfixes which are abstract photographs made without camera or darkroom and he explained that: ”(…) I expose light sensitive paper directly to sunlight, fully contradicting all existing and accepted methods.”
Untitled (Solarfix), Chemically-enhanced vintage gelatin silver print, 23.5 x 18.7 cm, c. 1950.
In the 1920s, artists such as Victor Brauner (1903-1966), Marcel Iancu (1895-1984), and Max Herman Maxy (1895-1971) astonished the public with their fearless experimentalism. Surrealist, abstract, and expressionistic works, picto-poetry, and personal variations on Constructivism – nothing was too radical for them.
M. H. Maxy - Muncitori | Workers, oil on canvas, 1935, Romanian National Museum of Art, Bucharest, Romania
M.H. Maxy (1895-1971) is regarded as one of the foremost representatives of the Romanian avant-garde. Maximilian Herman, on his real name, made his debut in 1916 as part of the Dada movement, going on to pursue a career as a painter, a designer of book covers and stage designs as well as a book illustrator, theoretician and director of the Academy/Artelor Decorative (similar to the Bauhaus) and the State Museum of Art in Bucharest.
H.R. Maxy - Nud cu Idol | Nude with Idol, oil on canvas, 1924, The National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania
M. H. Maxy (1895-1971) was of german-jewish descent. As part of the Dada movement, he made his debut in 1916. Together with Tristan Tzara, Marcel Iancu, Sașă Pană, Victor Brauner he played an important role in romanian avant-garde movement.
H.R. Maxy - Trei muzicieni | Three musicians, oil on canvas, 1926, Căluşarii Auction House, Oradea, Romania.